Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind is a non-fiction book by American psychologist Gary Marcus. A “kluge” is a patched-together. May 30, Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus pp, Faber, £ Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string. Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Gary Marcus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pages, ISBN: (hbk); $

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In this context, therefore, this work can also be considered as haphszard demolishing of the belief that human beings are ‘perfectly designed’ mechanisms. Seen this way, most of the difficulties that we have using our brains can be chalked up to the inelegance resulting from evolution dictating that our brains need be just good enough to solve problems of survival, and not so much problems of living rationally.

May 23, Bart Breen rated it liked it.

Review: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus | Books | The Guardian

We all too often surrender our judgment to the subconscious, or blindly trust our instincts without actually thinking. We must accept ourselves as being imperfect, and often miserable and sometimes even evil aspects ‘sinners’ of some imagined ‘true’ humanity.

There are no discussion topics on this book yet. It is often hard to understand with whom Marcus thinks he’s arguing. I found items in my own life explained that have always bothered me deeply why is goal setting so difficult – it always seems like future discounting takes away the desire to to good goal setting. For the most part, we simply accept our faults—as standard equipment. Did the Panda have the option to start from scratch — no. The reflexive is the fonstruction of the two, good at quick thinking.

This means that human brains carry the traces of our ancestry, such as eyes that are wired inside out meaning that light entering the eye has to pass through a layer haphazrd nerve cells before it meets the retinaand seemingly redundant “lower” brain structures whose functions, important in the lives of reptiles, have now been taken over by our massively overdeveloped cerebral cortex.

No trivia or quizzes yet.

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary F. Marcus

As he discusses how we adapted our existing physiology to deal with the increasingly complex demands of language, it does make one wonder why—if there was an intelligent designer involved—the adaptations to the larynx that gave us more control over our vocalizations also dramatically increased our chances of choking to death.

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Your neighbor went to that town and saw a bear.

Throughout, he shows how only evolution — haphazard and undirected — could have produced the minds we humans have, while making a brilliant case for the power and usefulness of imperfection.

Also, God wouldn’t have given man language which can be ambiguous and in which every word has more than one meaning. Bits and pieces consrruction ‘earlier’ remnants of our evolutionary history are retained in our brains, and ‘later’ developments are layered on top of these. He recommends pretending that you are going to have to justify your decision after making it as a good way to make better decisions.

They see the brain as a little less imperfect than he does. Originally Posted at http: This is a short almost too short and accessible introduction to the idea that the human mind is, well, not as perfect as we like to believe. This is for you, Kirsti! Economists suggest we should evaluate products on their expected utility, how much pleasure they will bring.

A halhazard offers a child one marshmallow, offering a second marshmallow if the child maintains self-control until the psychologist returns. I always thought I might be a little dull – this book thought me I’m even duller then that!

When tired and stressed we fall back on the reflexive system, which is why we are susceptible to choosing unhealthy foods when tired.

I read the NOOkcolor ebook edition I thought I’d really costruction a book about evolution’s mistakes, especially one who shows irrefutably Creationists are.

Well, if you have academic credentials and you write in passingly clear prose, publishers will take a thw on you, I guess. His account is class- gender- and culture-blind. I have a clearer picture of my cognitive biases and with this I can hopefully make better decisions. In other words, despite its reliability in certain aspects of information processing and retrieval, it is actually a mixture of complex areas which oftentimes seem to work together in an intertwined manner—rational decisions can be influenced with the subjective preferences of emotions.

More importantly, none of them can be perfect, precisely because what we call our minds are also products of a very long process of evolution. Not because this sort of creature makes a lot of sense in itself, per se, but because it or It rather encourages us to think again about the decisions we are making.

Has stood up well to the test of time. Jul 25, Beth rated it really liked it Shelves: At the conclusion of the book, Marcus outlines a course of action for helping people and society become more rational. This book focuses mainly on cognitive errors and what they tell us about the brain.


Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind

It was even compared to a brand of paper feeder which was described as Accordingly temperamental, subject to frequent breakdowns, kluye devilishly difficult to repair—but oh so clever! Accepting things at face value was selected for in the harsh environment of our ancestors. According to Marcus, in favor of easier, prior beliefs, we often suspend a careful analysis of what really is.

First of all, I learned a new word in reading “Kluge”, and I have used that word in conversation already.

All of these are kluges: I will be writing a probably vitriolic post on this topic tomorrow at http: I find the style off-putting, but this may be ascribed to a residual cisatlantic snobbery. It is not a surprise, therefore, to find that most religions and their ilk belabour this point, precisely because these organisations then proceed to try and convince us that they are needed to teach us how to achieve release from these imperfections, sometimes in one go, but mostly only through passing through specific ritualised procedures, before achieving differing higher ‘levels of being’, the absolute resolution of which will occur only when you are dead imagine!

May 25, Lena rated it really liked it Shelves: While I don’t agree with the author’s position in that regard, that is not the basis of my evaluation of his book. Okay, so this is more of a “things I learnt from the book” than a review, oh well. Marcus disagrees; he thinks some things that appear like flaws on the surface really are flaws, due to the fact that evolution is only concerned with what is good enough, not what would be ideal. In Kludge, Gary Marcus highlights a number of design problems with the mind and explains the corresponding evolutionary reasons why these problems have arisen.

In some ways the start of this is just The Psychology of Judgment and Decision Making put into chapters and continuous prose. Evolution sure has done some crazy things, but it sometimes seems to have a strange, all-knowing “mind” of its own.