PDF | On Jan 1, , Samir Amr and others published Jabir ibn Hayyan. writer authoring books on philosophy, books. Jābir ibn Hayyan (also known by his Latinized name Geber, circa –) was a contemporary of the first Abbasids, who ruled circa – Find Jabir ibn Hayyan books online. Get the best Jabir ibn Hayyan books at our marketplace.

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Harbi al-Himyari Ja’far al-Sadiq. But the general style of the works is too clear and systematic to find a close parallel in any of the known writings of the Jabirian corpus, and we look in vain in them for any references to the characteristically Jabirian ideas of “balance” and the alphabetic numerology.

Uayyan al-Kimya Kitab al-Sab’een Picatrix. Dent,p. His books strongly influenced the medieval European alchemists [39] and justified their search for the philosopher’s stone.

A problem which historians of chemistry have not yet succeeded in solving is whether these works are genuine or not. Heinrichs, Brill, There is a debate as to whether he was an Arab from Kufa who lived in Khurasan, or a Persian hayya Khorasan who later went to Kufa or whether he was, as some have suggested, of Syrian origin and later lived in Persia and Iraq”. He developed the use of manganese dioxide in glass-making, bayyan counteract the green tinge produced by iron — a process that is still used today.

Jabir ibn Hayyan – New World Encyclopedia

The general impression they convey is that they are the product of an occidental rather than an oriental mind, and a likely hayan would be that they were written by a European scholar, possibly in Moorish Spain. The question at once arises whether the Latin works are genuine translations from the Arabic, or written by a Latin author and, according to common practice, ascribed to Jabir in order to heighten their authority.


It shows a clear recognition of the importance of experimentation, “The first essential in chemistry is that thou shouldest perform practical work and conduct experiments, for he who performs not practical work nor makes experiments will never attain to the least degree jabkr mastery. Retrieved 11 February The Book of Stones prescribes long and elaborate sequences of specific prayers that must be performed without error alone in the desert before one hayyna even consider alchemical experimentation.

Critical Issues in Latin and Arabic Alchemy and Chemistrypublished as book by Olms in and as article by Centaurus journal in Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation.

Bukhtishu family Ja’far al-Sadiq. The consensus among scholars who have studied the body of work attributed to Jabir hwyyan that they could not all have been written by him.

Abu Musa Jabir ibn Hayyan c. In one of his works, Jabir relates that he cured a handmaid belonging to the household of Yahya ibn Khalid, a Barmecide, by administering a specially prepared potion.

The 14th century critic iabir Arabic literature, Jamal al-Din ibn Nubata al-Misri declares all the writings attributed to Jabir doubtful. The works ascribed to Geber introduced improved laboratory equipment such as water baths, furnaces, and systems for filtration and distillation. The Latin corpus consists of books with an author named “Geber” for which researchers have failed to find a text in Arabic.

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. The Secrets of Alchemy. Another work, the Katib al-Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadim, part biography and part bibliography, written aroundascribes a long list of works to Jabir and insists that he was a real personage.


The content of the Gerber works are said to reflect a state of knowledge closer to the end of the fourteenth century than to the eighth and ninth centuries, when Jabir is thought to have been active.

The Three Books on Alchemy by Geber, the Great Philosopher and Alchemist

But they also provided medieval inestigators a new source of important and practical chemical knowledge. A short history of the art of distillation: The seeds of the modern classification of elements into metals and non-metals could be seen in his chemical nomenclature. There can be no doubt that works ascribed to Jabir, particularly under the latinized moniker, Geber, have had a profound influence on the development of chemical knowledge in the West, including as they do advanced chemical processes such as the manufacture of nitric and sulfuric acids and the introduction of the experimental method.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Jabir kept a working laboratory in Kufa, the ruins of which were discovered two hundred years after his death. What Jabir meant by these recipes is unknown. The historian Paul Kraus, who had studied most of Jabir’s extant works in Arabic and Latin, summarized the importance of Jabir to the history of chemistry by comparing his experimental and systematic works in chemistry with that of the allegorical and unintelligible works of the ancient Greek alchemists.