complicanza piu frequente e temibile delle derivazioni ventricolo-peritoneali. sterna di derivazione infettato, rappresentano le complicanze piu frequenti e. Iannelli, A., Puca, A., Calisti, A. () ‘Idrocele edernia inguinale dopo derivazione ventricolo peritoneale in età pediatrica. Pediatria del Medico Chirurgica. Dispnea postprandiale e da posizione: segno clinico di pseudocisti intraperitoneale in pazienti con idrocefalo e derivazione ventricolo-peritoneale. Pediatria.

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Other causes of pleural effusions that should be considered are pulmonary infection of viral or bacterial origin and chylothorax following traumatic injury to the thoracic duct from an improperly placed central venous catheter or from an intrathoracic surgical procedure such as ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus, which was performed in our patient.

At 30 minutes after the start of imaging radioactivity appeared in the thoracic region Fig. Several complications may however occur following these operative procedures. One-way valves in the thoracic lymphatic structures prevent retrograde fluid flow. Prior to shunt revision, we recommend that pleural fluid and CSF be assessed for the presence of infection, because subpulmonic pleural effusions can arise as a result of peritoneal infection.

The infant was treated initially with supplemental oxygen by means of a nasal cannula and needle thoracentesis. In the present report the authors describe two cases of intraperitoneal pseudocysts clinically manifested by the occurrence of postprandial dyspnea and hiccupping, without any apparent sign of CSF shunt device dysfunction. AU – Velardi, F. At discharge the infant was observed to have a soft, nondistended abdomen, and an x-ray film series of the VP shunt showed the peritoneal tube to be well placed in the abdominal cavity.

A meticulous dissection of the cavity was required to place the peritoneal tube. The surgical treatment of hydrocephalus has been greatly improved by the techniques of ventriculo-peritoneal shunting. This condition was treated conservatively with 14 days of intravenously administered broad spectrum antibiotic medications.


In addition, to our knowledge no 99m Derivwzione radioactive scan demonstrating preferential transdiaphragmatic CSF flow into the pleural cavity has been described in the literature.

In this instance a pneumothorax frequently accompanies the hydrothorax. Studies in patients undergoing dialysis have elucidated peritoneal fluid exchange rates and have shown that water and solutes cross the peritoneum in a passive, bidirectional flow. Anteroposterior chest x-ray film obtained 1 week after shunt revision demonstrating complete resolution of hydrothorax and expansion of the lungs.

In instances of intrathoracic shunt migration or pleural cavity shunt penetration, repositioning of the shunt from the thoracic cavity into the abdomen corrects the problem. Particulate matter, unlike fluids and solutes, is cleared via stomas between specialized mesothelial cells that overlie the lymphatic channels present on the diaphragmatic peritoneal surface.

Delayed images demonstrating further isotope activity in the pleural cavity with a preferential flow pattern of CSF toward the superior abdominal region, diaphragm, and into the chest cavity. Several chest x-ray films showed total resolution of hydrothorax within 1 week after surgery Fig.

Movement into the upper abdomen results from flow into a region of low pressure produced by absorption by diaphragmatic lymphatic structures and from a gravitational effect pulling the upper abdominal viscera away from the lower diaphragmatic surface.

Translated title of the contribution Postprandial and postural dyspnea: Guidelines for the treatment of hydrothorax may be gleaned from the few reported cases in the literature. Abstract The surgical treatment of hydrocephalus has been greatly improved by the techniques of ventriculo-peritoneal shunting.

During each shunt surgery dense adhesions were observed in the derkvazione contents and peritoneal cavity. Intraperitoneal pseudocysts are also a known complication of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts. On Day 17 postnatally she developed necrotizing enterocolitis.


Shunt cerebrale

Respiratory distress as a presenting symptom of VP shunt malfunction is unusual, and as illustrated in our case, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of shunt malfunction. She subsequently developed Grade IV ventricular hemorrhage.

Our experience teaches that hydrothorax after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in a premature infant may arise as an iatrogenic, postoperative complication of VP shunt surgery that is caused by preferential transdiaphragmatic flow of CSF into the pleural cavity from poor abdominal absorptive capacity of CSF. Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica.

Large pleural effusions, with or without pneumothorax, may become life threatening and require emergency treatment. We assessed shunt function and observed CSF flow by means of a radionucleotide study using 1.

Shunt cerebrale – Wikipedia

This 4-month-old girl had been born at 24 weeks of gestation after premature rupture of the peritoneaoe membranes. The salient anatomical and physiological features of the peritoneal cavity derivvazione been summarized by Rotstein and Simmons. Symptomatic hydrothorax is an unusual postoperative complication after ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt placement and can become life threatening, especially in infants and small children. N2 – The surgical treatment of hydrocephalus has been greatly improved by the techniques of ventriculo-peritoneal shunting.

Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu. Access to Document Link to publication in Scopus. The patient had an uneventful dericazione recovery with complete resolution of respiratory difficulties.

Respiratory exhalation produces passive stretching of the diaphragm with rapid influx of fluid through the stomas into the lacunae. Blood cultures and respiratory syncytial virus cultures were negative.